'-ly' words


'-ly' words
GRAMMAR adverbs related to adjectives
Most `-ly' words are adverbs of manner, aspect, opinion, degree, or extent. They are formed from adjectives and have a similar meaning to the adjective.

They were hoping to bring a quick end to the civil war.

...tasks that I would ordinarily have expected to finish quickly and easily.

She succeeded in retaining her political independence.

...where societies remained politically independent of their neighbours.

This is hardly surprising.

Surprisingly, I was not dismissed.

It is very easy to do severe damage to your eyes.

The roots are severely damaged.

\
Usually you just add `-ly' to the end of an adjective when forming an adverb.
bad — badly, beautiful — beautifully, quiet — quietly, safe — safely
\
Sometimes a spelling change has to be made, depending on the ending of the adjective.
\
Note that:
\
• the adverb related to `whole' is spelled `wholly'
\
• one-syllable adjectives ending in `-y' usually have `-ly' added in the normal way: `wryly', `shyly'
\
• the adverb related to `dry' can be spelled `drily' or `dryly'
\
• the adverb formed from `public' is `publicly'
\
For more information about `-ly' adverbs of manner, aspect, opinion, degree, and extent, see entry at ↑ Adverbials.
\
adverbs related to nouns
The adverbs in the following examples are formed from nouns, not from adjectives.

The other change, namely the increase in electronic equipment, has slowed down.

Here the problem is partly economic.

I am purposely picking out examples of children with mixed rates of development.

\
adverbs not related to adjectives or nouns
A few `-ly' adverbs are not directly related to any adjective or noun.
accordingly, exceedingly, manfully, mostly, presumably

This way you have a clear picture of how much you have to repay and can plan accordingly.

I could just see Simon manfully wielding a shovel.

\
'-ly' adjectives
Some `-ly' words are adjectives, not adverbs.

Current solar cells are too costly for commercial use.

...an elderly man with bushy eyebrows.

My husband said how lonely he had been while I was away.

I mustn't ask silly questions any more.

\
You cannot form adverbs from these adjectives. However, you can use them in prepositional phrases with nouns such as `way', `manner', or `fashion'. For example, you can say `He smiled in a friendly way'.
\
Note that `kindly' is used as an adjective and an adverb. See entry at ↑ kindly.
\
adjectives related to nouns
Many adjectives ending in `-ly' are formed from nouns referring to people, and indicate a quality that those people typically have or should have.
brotherly, cowardly, fatherly, friendly, gentlemanly, manly, miserly, motherly, neighbourly, saintly, scholarly, sisterly, soldierly, womanly

Tell them how cowardly you were as a boy at school.

He assumed an expression of saintly resignation.

She treated him in a cordial, sisterly way.

\
adjectives and adverbs
Some `-ly' words are both adjectives and adverbs. They are related to nouns and describe things that happen at regular intervals.
daily, fortnightly, hourly, monthly, quarterly, weekly, yearly

...daily or weekly visits to a children's clinic.

Maids were usually paid monthly.

\

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Words (in Canon Law) — • Canonists give many rules for the exact acceptation of words, in order that decrees may be correctly understood and the extent of their obligation determined Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Words (in Canon Law)      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Words per minute — Words per minute, commonly abbreviated wpm, is a measure of input or output speed. For the purposes of WPM measurement a word is standardized to five characters or keystrokes.[1] For instance, I run counts as one word, but rhinoceros counts as… …   Wikipedia

  • Words (Unix) — words is a standard file on all Unix and Unix like operating systems, and is simply a newline delimited list of dictionary words. It is used, for instance, by spell checking programs.With Unix s text processing capabilities, one can use the words …   Wikipedia

  • Words and Rules — Words and Rules: The Ingredients of Language (ISBN 0 06 095840 5) is a 1999 popular linguistics book by Steven Pinker on the subject of regular and irregular verbs. In Pinker s words, the book tries to illuminate the nature of language and mind… …   Wikipedia

  • Words (canción) — «Words» Sencillo de F. R. David del álbum Words Publicación 1982 Género(s) Rock Duración 3:31 Discográfica …   Wikipedia Español

  • Words and Music — may refer to: * Words and Music (1929 film), a 1929 musical film directed by James Tinling * Words Music , a 1931 musical short film starring Ruth Etting * Words and Music (1932 musical) is a 1932 musical revue by Noël Coward * Words and Music… …   Wikipedia

  • Words, Words, Words — is a short comedic play written by David Ives. The play is about three intelligent monkeys who are put in a cage together under the experimenting eye of a never seen Dr. Rosenbaum, who has the hypothesis: Three monkeys hitting keys at random on… …   Wikipedia

  • Words of Estimative Probability — (WEP or WEPs) are terms used by intelligence analysts in the production of analytic reports to convey the likelihood of a future event occurring. They express the extent of their confidence in the finding. A well chosen WEP provides a decision… …   Wikipedia

  • Words of Love — «Words of Love» Сингл Бадди Холли Сторона «А» Words of Love Сторона «Б» Mailman, Bring Me No More Blues Выпущен 20 июня 1957 Формат 7” Записан …   Википедия

  • Words Untold & Dreams Unlived — Words Untold Dreams Unlived …   Википедия

  • Words & Music — Words Music Words Music Album par Aphex Twin (Richard D. James) Sortie 1994 Enregistrement 1994 Durée 27:33 Genre(s) Musique électronique Producteur(s) …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.